Edward Whymper was the first man to climb which mountain?

The Matterhorn.

Edward Whymper, an English mountaineer, illustrator, and creator, is finest identified for being the primary particular person to efficiently ascend the Matterhorn, one of many highest peaks within the European Alps.

The ascent passed off on July 14, 1865, marking a major occasion within the historical past of mountaineering. The Matterhorn, positioned within the Swiss-Italian border, stands at 4,478 meters (roughly 14,692 ft) and is understood for its distinctive, pyramid-like form. Through the 19th century, it was thought-about one of the troublesome mountains to climb and the final nice Alpine peak to be conquered.

Whymper’s profitable ascent was the fruits of a number of makes an attempt. His workforce, which consisted of seven climbers, selected to strategy the summit from the Swiss facet. The triumph was, nevertheless, marred by tragedy. Whereas descending, 4 members of the workforce fell to their deaths when a rope connecting the climbers broke. Whymper and the 2 remaining climbers survived.

The occasion, in addition to establishing Whymper’s place in mountaineering historical past, had a profound impression on security practices within the sport. It led to a reevaluation of climbing methods and tools, with an elevated deal with security.

Edward Whymper’s legacy extends past his profitable summit of the Matterhorn. He made important contributions to mountaineering and his detailed accounts of his climbs, particularly his guide “Scrambles Amongst the Alps”, stay influential within the discipline.